Genome Editing is to apply specific changes to the DNA of a cell or an organism. Scientists across the world are still scrutinizing the advantages and disadvantages of genome editing.
Many of them rely a great deal on genome editing so as to bring a miraculous change to heal major injuries of the planet.
Plant geneticists have always wanted to breed sturdy, high yield plants in order to combat famine. Although this can have unpredictable impact on the environment and human health, they are ready to take this risk.
In February 2018, the Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority in the United Kingdom accepted an appeal made by the Francis Crick Institute London.
The aim was to have official access to modify human embryos by using the new gene-editing technique CRISPR-Cas9. CRISPR has become one of the most dominant gene-editing instruments that can change genes that cause disease in the embryos.
Through this process the faulty genetic code can be solved, hence bringing the cure to the future descendants as well. Similarly, hereditary illness can be treated. This is inevitably a boon that genome editing has offered to humanity.
- why are there more twins now than before?
- Experimental Covid-19 treatments: China gives approval for early-stage human tests for two experimental vaccines
This human advancement is however ethically questioned, especially when it comes to “designer humans”.
Firstly, modification as it suggests means to being changes to God’s creations, hence making the changes ‘unnatural’. The belief of God’s devotees cannot be changed that to die, either prematurely or by falling ill, is absolutely natural. It should be accepted that it is the Almighty’s decision. Similarly, to control population worldwide lies purely on the Divine power.
Diversity in all species of animals is vital for the world’s evolution. By genetically engineering species, genetic diversity will be in trouble. After all, tolerance is the key to a humanity of perseverance. We cannot snatch this diversity from others.