The basis of human civilization in Rajasthan, Punjab, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh is in danger. This is owing to the most horrible swarms of locusts that have destroyed huge crop fields.
The locusts are called swarms because they move in huge groups. It has been observed that they are the most lethal migratory pests across the globe. If one swarm happens to spread over one square kilometre, it will multiply up to eighty million locusts. It is compulsory to take necessary action as soon as possible as these pests can travel eighteen to three hundred miles on a day.
This underlines that they are indeed very swift and can move from one nation to another very quickly. It was reported that these bugs had attacked India a great deal and they were known to emerge from Pakistan, leaving behind a stream of destruction in around five states.
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It has been revealed as well that the swarm which reached India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
How do swarms of locusts form and what can dismantle them?
Normally an insecticide is used to curtail the spread of these bugs. This solution is either sprinkled from the ground or aerial devices or vehicles. It should be noted that these swarms can easily be targeted in relatively short periods. This has nonetheless led to some environmental apprehensions.
A report in the World Economic Forum has revealed that there is hope in the so-called biological control mechanisms. The report reads, “Natural predators such as wasps, birds, and reptiles may prove effective at keeping small swarms at bay.
However, for managing more established swarms, newly-developed targeted microbial bio-pesticides, such as the fungus-based “Green Muscle”, offer a larger-scale solution”.
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To constrain locusts is not easy at all. The larger the swarms, the more complicated the task becomes. Interestingly, drones and planes, for the first time ever will be used to fight the locust threat in India.
Union Aviation Minister Hardeep Singh Puri tweeted a few days ago, “Using technology to help our farmers. Several regions of our country have been struggling with attacks from Locust swarms. In order to help combat this menace with technological innovations @MoCA_GoI has allowed use of drones for anti-locust operations with adequate safeguards.”